Understanding Our Skin



Understanding our skin.

15% of our body weight is made up of "skin". It is the body's shield against heat, germs, chemicals, sunlight, etc. Learning and understanding the skin is the first defense against the outside world. The Acnoc brand has created products that achieve the best and the safest both in defense maintenance and keeping the skin healthy.

There are 3 layers of skin:

  1. Epidermis
  2. Dermis
  3. Subcutis




    Epidermis

     

    The outermost layer is called Orphaned skin (Epidermis). It is responsible for preventing pollutants and various bacteria,  and also acts as an exfoliant. The epidermis consists of 5 layers:

    1. Stratum Basale or Basal Layer - The deepest layer of the epidermis is called the stratum basale, sometimes called the stratum germinativum. This is where stem cells are located. Because this layer is the innermost layer, many topical products that you apply to the surface of your skin can’t reach this layer or have an effect.
    2. Stratum Spinosum or the Spiny layer - This layer gives the epidermis its strength. Like its name suggests, the stratum spinosum contains spiny protrusions that hold the cells tightly together to prevent your skin from tearing and blistering.
    3. Stratum Granulosum or the Granular Layer - This important layer has tiny granules full of components that are produced by skin cells and packaged in the granules. Keratin, which is what gives your skin its strength, is packaged in little keratohyalin granules.
    4. Stratum Lucidum - the stratum lucidum gets its name from the fact that the granules are no longer there, so the cells look clear or lucid. This thin layer of cells is found only in the thick skin on the palms of your hands, fingers and the soles of your feet.
    5. Stratum Corneum - This is the outermost layer of the epidermis and is therefore exposed to the atmosphere outside of your body. There are usually 15 to 30 layers of cells in the stratum corneum, which play an important protective role. The cells in this layer help to prevent bacteria, viruses, and fungi from penetrating to deeper layers of skin, as well as provide protection against abrasion and friction for the more delicate underlying layers.

      Dermis

      The second layer of the skin (Dermis) can absorb the nano-emulsion. The dermis is composed of 2 proteins: collagen, and elastin. The dermis consists of 2 sub-layers:

      -Stratum papillary, a dermal barrier between the epidermis and dermis. 

      -Stratum reticulare is the deepest, very thick part of the skin, wherein this layer produces a liquid blocking the skin of the sebum layer.

      Nano emulsion can penetrate the skin up to 7 layers. This makes it more efficient in the distribution of nutrients and absorption into the deeper layers, giving better results.




      Subcutaneous Fat Layer

      The deepest layer of the covering system, where fat is deposited, with musculoskeletal tissue. It is a layer that supports the impact Regulates fat metabolism and protects against external injuries.



      Skin Function 

      Healthy skin is noticeable from the external skin that appears because of the factors affecting the skin, whether it is cold or hot. Water evaporation and UV rays are good indicators of skin condition. In case the skin is exposed to UV rays, the body produces more melanin, which results in melasma, freckles, and dark spots (hyper pigmentation).

       

      Acne-prone skin problems

      Many people are surprised that despite how much skin care they take, they still get acne. 

      Acne-prone skin is skin prone to Cormedones and other blemishes. Most of them are oily and shiny because the sebaceous glands produce more sebum than other skin types. It accumulates in the inflamed pores and becomes a severe acne breakout at each level. But after 25 years of age, hormonal acne problems will be reduced. 

      But may continue in other ages, especially in women. Acne may be found at the ages of 25 years and beyond, known as Acne Tarda. Most of the time, adult acne is caused by abnormal hormonal balance, which has a direct chemical effect on the sebaceous layer, producing large sebum glands.




      Wrinkles

       At the age of 25, this is where the skin develops to its peak. The skin will begin to show signs of regression and some fine lines, to deep grooves, uneven skin tone, to freckles and blemishes, slow, sensitive to the care of each person's skin. More factors that cause wrinkles are: sunlight, pollution, stress, and insufficient rest. 

      As we age, the body’s ability to produce vital substances that nourish the skin cells begins to decline. Each year, the efficiency of collagen production is reduced by 1% per year. The skin sags and wrinkles appear on various spots on the face. In addition, less hyaluronic acid produced by the body makes the structure of the skin layer looser. The cells do not carry water and stick together as tightly as before causing wrinkles on the face at various points. 

      The most important thing is maintenance and restoration which includes providing appropriate skin nutrients up to the selection of products to protect against sun damage is very essential. The selection of products that provide moisture add nutrients to the skin instead of exfoliating with severe whitening on a regular basis. It is even more a catalyst in the occurrence of freckles if the skin protection from sunlight is not good enough. Choosing the right products will help solve skin problems in the right spots, leaving skin clear and lasting.


      Hyperpigmentation

      Melanin production is a human natural mechanism to protect the skin from sun damage. But if it is overproduced, it can cause dark spots, a condition known as hyperpigmentation. When the body produces too much pigment or melanin in certain areas of the skin, it causes black spots, different sizes and shapes. Dark spots, freckles, sunburns that occur on the face make the skin look dull.